How to make a Survival kit you fit in a pocket
This article will teach you how to prepare a survival kit by including a few key items that can make all the difference in the fight for survival. Collect these items, which you can all fit into a small container, such as a two oz tobacco tin. It will be hardly noticeable when slipped into an anorak pocket. Make a habit of always having it with you. Do not choose something bigger, or you may find it inconvenient to carry and leave it it out on the one occasion when you actually need it.
Many people who roll their own cigarettes carry such a tin. But this one is much more useful. It may help to save your life. The smoker is speeding up the end of their’s.
Experience has proved that each item earns its place, though some are more use in some situations than others: fish hooks, for instance, may be invaluable in the jungle but useless in a desert.
Polish the inside of the lid to make a mirror-like reflecting surface and seal it, to be waterproof, with a strip of adhesive tape which can be easily removed and replaced. Don’t then just forget the tin. Regularly check the contents, changing any which deteriorate such as matches and medicine tablets. Mark all medicine containers with use and dosage and expiry dates when they should be replaced. Pack spare space in the tin with cotton wool, which will keep the contents from rattling and can be used for fire lighting. Fire is vital to survival, that’s why there are four items in the tin for making it.
1. MATCHES: Waterproof matches are useful but bulkier than ordinary non-safety, strike anywhere matches, which can be made ‘shower-proof’ by dipping the heads in melted candle fat. To save space, snap off half of each matchstick.
It is much easier to use matches than to make fire by other methods but don’t waste them, use only when improvised methods fail. Take them from the tin one at a time and replace the lid. Never leave the container open or lying on the ground.
2. CANDLE: Invaluable for starting a fire as well as a light source. Shave square for packing. If made of tallow it is also fat to eat in an emergency or to use for frying – but be sure it is tallow; paraffin wax and some other candles are inedible. Tallow does not store well, especially in hot climates.
3. FLINT: Flints will work when wet and they will go on striking long after you run out of matches. Invest in a processed flint with a saw striker.
4. MAGNIFYING GLASS: Can start a fire from direct sunshine and is useful for searching for splinters and stings.
5. NEEDLES AND THREAD: Several needles, including at least one with a very large eye that can be threaded with sinew and coarse threads. Choose strong thread and wrap it around the needles.
6. FISH HOOKS AND LINE: A selection of different hooks in a small tin or packet. Add a few split lead weights. Remember that a small hook will catch both large and small fish but a large hook will only catch big ones. Include as much line as possible, it will also be useful for catching birds.
7. COMPASS: A luminous button compass – but make sure you know how to read it, as some small compasses can be confusing. A liquid-filled type is best, but check that it does not leak, has no bubbles in it and is fully serviceable. The pointer is prone to rust. Make sure it is on its pivot and swings freely.
8. BETA LIGHT: A light-emitting crystal, only the size of a small coin but ideal for reading a map at night and a useful fishing lure. Expensive but just about everlasting.
9. SNARE WIRE: Preferably brass wire about 60-90cm (2-3ft) should do. Save for snares, but could solve many survival problems.
10. FLEXIBLE SAW: These usually come with large rings at the ends as handles. These take up too much room, so remove the rings; they can be replaced by wooden toggles when you need to use it. To protect from rust and breakage cover it in a film of grease. Flexible saws can be used to cut even quite large trees.
11. SURGICAL BLADES: At least two scalpel blades of different sizes. A handle can be made from wood when required.
12. BUTTERFLY SUTURES: Use to hold edges of wounds together.
13. PLASTERS: Assorted sizes, preferably waterproof, for minor abrasions and keeping cuts clean. They can be cut and used as butterfly sutures as well.
14. CONDOM: This makes a good water bag for holding about one litre (2 pints).
15. MEDICAL KIT: What you include depends upon your own skill in using it. Pack medicines in airtight containers with cotton wool to prevent rattling. The following items will cover most ailments but they are only a guide:
Analgesic – A pain reliever for mild and moderate pain. “Codeine phosphate” is ideal for tooth, ear and headaches.DOSE: one tablet every six hours as needed but they can cause constipation s a side-effect so will help in cases of loose bowels.Not to be taken by children, asthmatics or people with liver disorders.
Intestinal sedative – For treating acute and chronic diarrhoea. “Immodium” is usually favoured. DOSE: two capsules initially, then one each time a loose stool is passed.
Antibiotic – Fo general infections. “Tetracycline” can be used even by people hypersensitive to penicillin. DOSE: One 250mg tablet, four times daily, repeated for five to seven days. Carry enough for a full course. If taking them avoid milk, calcium and iron preparations or other drugs containing aluminium hydroxide.
Antiseptic – Fast-acting, broad-spectrum antiseptic that helps reduce bacteria that potentially can cause skin infection. It is used for killing germs in skin, wounds and mucous membranes, and for pre-operative skin preparation.
Antihistamine – For allergies, insect bites and stings (may also help in cases of bad reaction to a drug). Also known as Chlorpheniramine. “Piriton” is recommended in Britain. “Benadryl” in the USA. Sleepiness is a side-effect of Piriton, so useful as a mild sleeping pill. Do not exceed recommended dosages or take with alcohol.
Water sterilising tablets – For use where water is suspect and you cannot boil. Follow manufacturer’s instructions.
Anti-malaria tablets – Essential in areas where malaria is present. There are types which require only one tablet taken monthly.
Potassium permanganate – Has several uses. Add to water and mix until water becomes bright pink to sterilise it, deeper pink to make an antiseptic and to a full red to treat fungal diseases such as athlete;s foot. Pour Glycerine over the purple crystals of (KMnO4) and it will erupt into flames. Another way to quickly start a fire!
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