How to make an easy Survival preparation list
Make sure that you are fit enough for what you plan to do. The fitter you are, the easier and more enjoyable it will be. If you are going hill-walking, for example, take regular exercise beforehand and wear in your hiking boots. Walk to and from work with a bag weighted with sand to get your muscles in condition! Mental fitness is another factor. Are you sure that you are up to the task, have prepared enough and do you have the equipment to accomplish it? Eliminate any nagging doubts you may have before you set out. Always prepare contingency plans in case anything goes wrong. Things rarely go quite according to plan. What will you do if you are prevented from achieving your objective? What will you do if a vehicle breaks down, or if weather or ground conditions prove more severe than anticipated? If in a party, how will you regroup if separated? What happens if someone becomes ill?
Have a thorough medical check and ensure that you have all the necessary injections for the territories through which you intend to travel. There are vaccinations against yellow fever, cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, smallpox, polio, diphtheria and tuberculosis and an anti-tetanus is a must. Allow plenty of time for jabs – the full anti-typhoid protection requires three injections over the course of six months. If traveling through a malarial region take an adequate supply of anti-malaria tablets. You must start taking these two weeks before your journey, so that resistance is in the system before you arrive in the risk area and should keep taking them for a month after your return. (Now I think there is only one injection which will provide full protection against malaria).
Go to the dentist and get your teeth inspected. Teeth that normally do not hurt can cause considerable pain in cold climates. At least start out in sound condition.
Make up a medical kit that will cover all your likely needs and, if traveling with a group, ensure that any particular individual’s medical needs are covered. If a potential member of the group is not fit, should they be dropped from the party? A difficult decision among friends, but one that must be made for it is best in the long run. Consider, too, the ability of each member of the group to deal with the challenge of hardship, risk and endurance that you may meet. Stress often brings out the unknown side of a person, and in planning any group expedition some form of selection is needed when choosing your companions.
Your survival kit could make the difference between failure and success, but, especially when back-packing, many people initially take too much and have to learn from bitter experience what they really need and what they could have done without. There is no fun in struggling with a huge pack full of superfluous items while wishing that you had a torch or can opener with you. Getting the right balance is not easy.